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House of Commons Seat Allocation by Province

On December 16, 2011, the Chief Electoral Officer calculated the House of Commons seats to be allocated to each province using the representation formula found in the Constitution and the population estimates provided by Statistics Canada.

This seat allocation will only take effect when a new representation order comes into force. Consult the federal redistribution timeline to find out more.

Allocation of Seats in the House of Commons

To take effect when the representation order comes into force

Province/ Territory Population estimate ÷ Electoral quotient = Initial seat allocation + Senatorial clause + Grandfather clause + Representation rule = Total seats
British Columbia 4,573,321 111,166 42 - - - 42
Alberta 3,779,353 34 - - - 34
Saskatchewan 1,057,884 10 - 4 - 14
Manitoba 1,250,574 12 - 2 - 14
Ontario 13,372,996 121 - - - 121
Quebec 7,979,663 72 - 3 3 78
New Brunswick 755,455 7 3 - - 10
Nova Scotia 945,437 9 1 1 - 11
Prince Edward Island 145,855 2 2 - - 4
Newfoundland and Labrador 510,578 5 1 1 - 7
Yukon 34,666 n/a 1
Northwest Territories 43,675 n/a 1
Nunavut 33,322 n/a 1
Total 34,482,779   338


Comparison of Seat Allocation by Province

Province/
Territory
Percentage of combined provincial populations House of Commons seats
Current seat allocation Seat allocation after redistribution
(To take effect when the representation order comes into force)
Seats % of provincial seats Seats % of provincial seats
British Columbia 13.31% 36 11.8% 42 12.54%
Alberta 11.00% 28 9.18% 34 10.15%
Saskatchewan 3.08% 14 4.59% 14 4.18%
Manitoba 3.64% 14 4.59% 14 4.18%
Ontario 38.91% 106 34.75% 121 36.12%
Quebec 23.22% 75 24.59% 78 23.28%
New Brunswick 2.20% 10 3.28% 10 2.99%
Nova Scotia 2.75% 11 3.61% 11 3.28%
Prince Edward Island 0.42% 4 1.31% 4 1.19%
Newfoundland and Labrador 1.49% 7 2.3% 7 2.09%
Provincial total 100% 305 100% 335 100%
Yukon   1   1  
Northwest Territories 1 1
Nunavut 1 1
Total 308 338