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Electoral Insight – Readjustment of Federal Electoral Boundaries

Electoral Insight – October 2002

Electoral Facts

Wayne Brown
Co-Editor,
Electoral Insight

Ridings, Representation & Redistribution

There are currently 301 electoral districts (ridings) across the country and a corresponding number of seats in Canada's House of Commons. The number will increase to 308 following completion of the current redistribution process and at the first dissolution of Parliament at least one year after proclamation of a new representation order. Canadians are represented geographically and by population in Parliament through a system set out in the Constitution and later legislation. Here's a look at some of the facts, figures, dates and events connected with the evolution of that system.

History

The 1997 Redistribution

The Current Redistribution

1867

1900

1930

Redistribution

A new one occurs after each decennial census

1968

1997 increases in electoral districts

Current redistribution increases

Population of Canada

Total number of electoral districts



SOURCES

John C. Courtney, Commissioned Ridings, Designing Canada's Electoral Districts. McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001.

Representation in the House of Commons of Canada. Elections Canada, 2001.

The Parliamentary Guide, various editions.


Note: 

The opinions expressed are those of the authors; they do not necessarily reflect those of the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada.