Canada Elections Act
65. The following persons are not eligible to be a candidate:
- (a) a person who is not qualified as an elector on the date
on which his or her nomination paper is filed;
- (b) a person who is disentitled under paragraph 502(3)(a)
while they are so disentitled;
- (c) a member of the legislative assembly of a province;
- (d) a sheriff, clerk of the peace or county Crown Attorney in any
of the provinces;
- (e) a person who is not entitled under section 4 to
- (f) a judge appointed by the Governor in Council, other than
a citizenship judge appointed under the Citizenship Act;
- (g) a person who is imprisoned in a correctional institution;
- (h) an election officer; and
- (i) a person who was a candidate in a previous election and for whom a return, report, document or declaration has not been provided under subsection 451(1), if the time and any extension for providing it have expired.
S.C. 2002, c. 7, s. 92; S.C. 2014, c. 2, s. 49.
Nomination of Candidates
Manner of nomination
66. (1) A nomination paper shall be in the prescribed form and include
- (a) a statement under oath by the prospective candidate of
- (i) his or her name, address and occupation,
- (ii) the address designated by the prospective candidate for
service of documents under this Act,
- (iii) the name and address of the prospective candidate's
- (iv) the name, address and occupation of the prospective candidate's
auditor named under subsection 83(2), and
- (v) the name of the political party that has endorsed the prospective candidate or, if none, the prospective candidate's choice to either have the word "independent" or no designation of political affiliation under his or her name in election documents;
- (i) his or her name, address and occupation,
- (b) a statement by the prospective candidate, consenting to the
nomination, signed and sworn in the presence of a witness who is an elector
but is not the person who administers the oath;
- (c) the signature of the witness referred to in paragraph (b);
- (d) a statement signed by the official agent consenting to act
in that capacity;
- (e) for any electoral district except one listed in Schedule 3,
the names, addresses and signatures, made in the presence of a witness, of at
least 100 electors resident in the electoral district;
- (f) for an electoral district listed in Schedule 3, the names,
addresses and signatures, made in the presence of a witness, of at least
50 electors resident in the electoral district; and
- (g) the name, address and signature of the witness to each signature made under paragraph (e) or (f).
Particulars of candidates
(2) For the purpose of subparagraph (1)(a)(i),
- (a) the name shall not include any title, degree or other
prefix or suffix;
- (b) one or more of the given names may be replaced by a nickname
by which the prospective candidate is publicly known, other than a nickname
that could be confused with the name of a political party, and the nickname
may be accompanied by the initial or initials of their given name;
- (c) a normal abbreviation of one or more of the given names may be
substituted for the given name or names; and
- (d) the occupation shall be stated briefly and shall correspond to the occupation by which the prospective candidate is known in his or her place of ordinary residence.
Public knowledge of nickname
(3) A prospective candidate who uses a nickname described in paragraph (2)(b) in his or her nomination paper shall, if the returning officer requests it, provide the returning officer with documents that are determined by the Chief Electoral Officer to be evidence of the common public knowledge of the nickname.
Notification and determination
(4) If the returning officer is of the opinion that a nickname referred to in paragraph (2)(b) could be confused with the name of a political party, he or she shall notify the Chief Electoral Officer, who shall determine whether the nickname may be used as provided in that paragraph.
S.C. 2001, c. 21, s. 7; S.C. 2014, c. 12, s. 26.
Witness files nomination paper
67. (1) The witness to the consent referred to in paragraph 66(1)(b) shall file the nomination paper with the returning officer in the electoral district in which the prospective candidate is seeking nomination at any time between the issue of the Notice of Election and the close of nominations.
Witness ensures signatures are of electors
(2) The witness shall use due diligence to ensure that the signatures referred to in paragraph 66(1)(e) or (f) were all made by electors resident in the electoral district.
Witness swears oath
(3) The witness shall, on filing the nomination paper, swear an oath in writing in the prescribed form before the returning officer stating that
- (a) the witness knows the prospective candidate;
- (b) the witness is qualified as an elector; and
- (c) the prospective candidate signed the consent to the nomination in the presence of the witness.
(4) The witness shall file with the returning officer, together with the nomination paper,
- (a) a deposit of $1,000;
- (b) a statement signed by the auditor consenting to act in that
- (c) if applicable, an instrument in writing, signed by the leader of the political party or by a person referred to in subsection 383(2), that states that the prospective candidate is endorsed by the party in accordance with section 68.
S.C. 2001, c. 21, s. 8.
Party may endorse only one candidate per district
68. (1) A political party may endorse only one prospective candidate in each electoral district for a given election.
(2) If, with respect to a particular electoral district, a candidate who has been endorsed by a political party dies before 2:00 p.m. on the 5th day before the closing day for nominations or withdraws in accordance with subsection 74(1), the party may endorse another candidate in that electoral district before the close of nominations.
S.C. 2001, c. 21, s. 9.
Closing day for nominations
69. The closing day for nominations shall be Monday, the 21st day before polling day.
Hours of attendance
70. (1) The returning officer and the assistant returning officer shall attend between noon and 2:00 p.m. on the closing day for nominations at the office of the returning officer in order that the returning officer may receive nominations for prospective candidates who have not yet filed their nomination papers.
Close of nominations
(2) No nomination may be received from any person who enters the office of the returning officer after 2:00 p.m. on the closing day for nominations.
Designated filing place
(3) The returning officer may authorize a person to receive the nomination paper and the deposit, statement and instrument referred to in paragraphs 67(4)(a) to (c), respectively, in any place designated by the returning officer. They must be received by the close of nominations.
Notice to candidate of confirmation or refusal
71. (1) The returning officer shall, not later than 48 hours after a nomination paper is filed, give the prospective candidate notice, in the prescribed form, of the confirmation of the nomination or of the refusal to accept the nomination.
Verification of nomination papers
(2) Before giving confirmation of a nomination or refusing to accept one, the returning officer shall verify, in accordance with the instructions of the Chief Electoral Officer,
- (a) that the nomination paper is complete, including having at least
the number of signatures referred to in paragraph 66(1)(e)
or (f), as the case may be; and
- (b) that the signatures referred to in paragraph 66(1)(e) or (f) are those of electors who are entitled to vote in the electoral district in which the prospective candidate intends to seek nomination.
Correction or replacement
(3) A nomination paper that a returning officer has refused to accept may be replaced by another nomination paper or may be corrected if the new or corrected nomination paper is filed with the returning officer by the close of nominations.
Deposit to Receiver General
72. (1) On receipt of the deposit, the returning officer shall issue a receipt to the witness and shall without delay send the deposit to the Chief Electoral Officer who shall without delay send it to the Receiver General.
Refund of deposit
(2) If a returning officer refuses to accept a nomination, the deposit that was filed in support of it shall be refunded to the person in respect of whom the nomination paper was filed.
73. (1) A prospective candidate may send his or her nomination paper and the statement and instrument referred to in paragraphs 67(4)(b) and (c), respectively, by electronic means. In order for the nomination to be valid, the returning officer must receive the deposit referred to in paragraph 67(4)(a) and copies in electronic form of the nomination paper, statement and instrument by the close of nominations. The original documents must be received by the returning officer not later than 48 hours after the close of nominations.
Cancellation of nomination
(2) If the original documents are not received on time, the returning officer shall cancel the nomination unless the person in respect of whom the nomination paper was filed satisfies the returning officer that all reasonable measures were taken to ensure that the original documents were received on time.
S.C. 2014, c. 12, s. 28(F).
Withdrawal of candidate
74. (1) A candidate may withdraw at any time before 5:00 p.m. on the closing day for nominations by filing, in person, with the returning officer a statement in writing to that effect signed by the candidate and witnessed by two electors who are entitled to vote in the electoral district in which the candidate's nomination was confirmed.
Consequences of withdrawal
(2) When a candidate withdraws under subsection (1), any votes cast for the candidate at the election are void.
75. A candidate may, before 5:00 p.m. on the closing day for nominations, provide in writing to the returning officer any change that he or she wishes to be made to his or her name, address or occupation as set out in the nomination paper.
Votes for persons not properly nominated to be void
76. Any votes given for a person other than a candidate are void.
Postponement of closing day for nominations on death of candidate
77. (1) If a candidate endorsed by a registered party dies after 2:00 p.m on the 5th day before the closing day for nominations and before the close of polling stations on polling day, the election is postponed and the returning officer shall, after communicating with the Chief Electoral Officer, fix the 2nd Monday after the death as the closing day for nominations in that electoral district.
New polling day
(2) Notice of the day fixed under subsection (1) shall be given by a further Notice of Election distributed and posted as specified by the Chief Electoral Officer, and there shall also be named by the Notice of Election a new polling day, which shall be Monday, the 21st day after the day fixed under that subsection.
Lists of electors
(3) The lists of electors to be used at a postponed election shall be the lists of electors that were revised before the 6th day before the new polling day.
Postponement of election
78. The postponement of an election under section 77 and the fixing of a new closing day for nominations does not invalidate the nomination of the other candidates.
79. If an election is postponed under section 77, all ballots that are cast before the postponement are void and shall be destroyed.
Rights of Candidates
Leave of absence
80. Every employer of employees to whom Part III of the Canada Labour Code applies shall, on application, grant any such employee leave of absence, with or without pay, to seek nomination as a candidate and to be a candidate for the period during the election period that may be requested.
Canvassing, etc., in residential areas
81. (1) No person who is in control of an apartment building, condominium building or other multiple-residence building or a gated community may prevent a candidate or his or her representative from
- (a) in the case of an apartment building, condominium building or gated community, canvassing, between 9:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., at the doors to the apartments, units or houses, as the case may be; or
- (b) in the case of a multiple-residence building, campaigning, between 9:00 a.m. and 9:00 p.m., in a common area in the multiple residence.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of a person who is in control of a multiple residence building whose residents' physical or emotional well-being may be harmed as a result of permitting canvassing or campaigning referred to in that subsection.
S.C. 2007, c. 21, s. 11.
Campaigning in public places
81.1 (1) No person who is in control of a building, land, street or any other place, any part of which is open without charge to members of the public, whether on a continuous, periodic or occasional basis — including any commercial, business, cultural, historical, educational, religious, governmental, entertainment or recreational place — may prevent a candidate or his or her representative from campaigning in or on that part when it is open without charge to members of the public.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in respect of a place if campaigning in or on it would be incompatible with the function and purpose of the place or inconsistent with public safety.
S.C. 2007, c. 21, s. 12.
Obligations of Candidates
Definition of candidate
82. For the purposes of sections 83 to 88 and 90, a candidate is deemed to have been a candidate from the time he or she accepts a contribution or incurs an electoral campaign expense referred to in section 406.
Appointment of official agent
83. (1) A candidate shall appoint an official agent before accepting a contribution or incurring an electoral campaign expense.
Appointment of auditor
(2) A candidate shall appoint an auditor on appointing an official agent.
Official agent – ineligible persons
84. The following persons are not eligible to be an official agent:
- (a) a candidate;
- (b) an election officer or a member of the staff of a returning officer;
- (b.1) an undischarged bankrupt;
- (c) an auditor appointed as required by this Act;
- (d) a person who is not qualified as an elector; and
- (e) a person who does not have the capacity to enter into contracts in the province in which he or she ordinarily resides.
S.C. 2003, c. 19, s. 3.
Auditor – eligibility
85. (1) The following are eligible to be an auditor for a candidate:
- (a) a person who is a member in good standing of a corporation, an
association or an institute of professional accountants; or
- (b) a partnership of which every partner is a member in good standing of a corporation, an association or an institute of professional accountants.
Auditor – ineligible persons
(2) The following persons are not eligible to be an auditor for a candidate:
- (a) an election officer or a member of the staff of a
- (b) the candidate or any other candidate;
- (c) the official agent of the candidate or any other candidate;
- (d) the chief agent of a registered party or an eligible party;
- (e) a registered agent of a registered party;
- (f) electoral district agents of registered associations;
- (g) leadership contestants and their leadership campaign agents;
- (h) nomination contestants and their financial agents; and
- (i) financial agents of registered third parties.
S.C. 2003, c. 19, s. 4.
Where partnership appointed as official agent or auditor
85.1 Subject to sections 84 and 85, a person may be appointed as official agent or auditor for a candidate notwithstanding that the person is a member of a partnership that has been appointed as an auditor, in accordance with this Act for
- (a) a candidate in an electoral district other than the electoral
district of the candidate for whom the appointment is being made; or
- (b) a registered party.
86. A candidate who appoints an official agent or an auditor shall obtain from the official agent or auditor a signed statement consenting to act in that capacity.
Death, incapacity, resignation or revocation
87. In the event of the death, incapacity, resignation or revocation of the appointment of an official agent or of an auditor, the candidate shall, without delay, appoint another official agent or auditor.
Only one official agent and auditor
88. A candidate may have only one official agent and one auditor at a time.
89. No person shall sign a nomination paper consenting to be a candidate knowing that he or she is not eligible to be a candidate.
Prohibition – official agents
90. (1) No person who is ineligible to act as an official agent of a candidate shall act in that capacity.
Prohibition – auditor
(2) No person who is ineligible to act as an auditor of a candidate shall act in that capacity.
Publishing false statements to affect election results
91. No person shall, with the intention of affecting the results of an election, knowingly make or publish any false statement of fact in relation to the personal character or conduct of a candidate or prospective candidate.
S.C. 2001, c. 21, s. 10.
False statement of withdrawal of candidate
92. No person shall knowingly publish a false statement of the withdrawal of a candidate.
Gifts and Other Advantages
Definition of candidate
92.1 For the purposes of sections 92.2 to 92.6, a candidate is deemed to have become a candidate on the earlier of
- (a) the day on which he or she is selected at a nomination contest, and
- (b) the day on which the writ is issued for the election.
S.C. 2006, c. 9, s. 40.
92.2 (1) No candidate shall accept any gift or other advantage that might reasonably be seen to have been given to influence him or her in the performance of his or her duties and functions as a member, were the candidate to be elected, during the period that
- (a) begins on the day on which he or she becomes a candidate; and
- (b) ends on the day on which he or she withdraws, in the case of a candidate who withdraws in accordance with subsection 74(1), on the day on which he or she becomes a member, in the case of a candidate who is elected, and on polling day, in any other case.
(2) Despite subsection (1), a candidate may accept a gift or other advantage that is given by a relative or as a normal expression of courtesy or protocol.
Statement of candidate
(3) The candidate shall provide the Chief Electoral Officer with a statement in the prescribed form that discloses, in respect of all gifts or other advantages that the candidate accepted during the period referred to in subsection (1) whose benefit to the candidate exceeds $500 or, if accepted from the same person or entity in that period, exceeds a total of $500, other than gifts or other advantages given by relatives or made by way of an unconditional, non-discretionary testamentary disposition,
- (a) the nature of each gift or other advantage, its commercial value and the cost, if any, to the candidate;
- (b) the name and address of the person or entity giving the gift or other advantage; and
- (c) the circumstances under which the gift or other advantage was given.
(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), the benefit to a candidate of a gift or other advantage that is a service or property, or the use of property or money, is the difference between the commercial value of the service or property or the use of the property or money and the cost, if any, to the candidate.
Period for providing statement
(5) The candidate shall provide the statement to the Chief Electoral Officer within four months after
- (a) polling day; or
- (b) the publication of a notice of the withdrawal or deemed withdrawal of the writ for the election.
(6) The following definitions apply in this section.
« union de fait »
"common-law partnership" means the relationship between two persons who are cohabiting in a conjugal relationship, having so cohabited for a period of at least one year.
"gift or other advantage"
« cadeau ou autre avantage »
"gift or other advantage" means
- (a) an amount of money if there is no obligation to repay it; and
- (b) a service or property, or the use of property or money, that is provided without charge or at less than its commercial value.
It does not include a contribution made by an eligible individual under Part 18 to the official agent of a candidate that does not exceed the limits set out in that Part, or a provision of goods or services or a transfer of funds under section 404.2.
« parent »
"relative", in respect of a candidate, means a person related to the candidate by marriage, common-law partnership, birth, adoption or affinity.
S.C. 2006, c. 9, s. 40.
Extension or correction – Chief Electoral Officer
92.3 (1) The Chief Electoral Officer, on the written application of a candidate, may authorize
- (a) the extension of the period provided in subsection 92.2(5); or
- (b) the correction, within a specified period, of the statement referred to in subsection 92.2(3).
(2) An application may be made
- (a) under paragraph (1)(a), within the period provided in subsection 92.2(5); and
- (b) under paragraph (1)(b), as soon as the candidate becomes aware of the need for correction.
(3) The Chief Electoral Officer may not authorize an extension or correction unless he or she is satisfied by the evidence submitted by the candidate in writing that the circumstances giving rise to the application arose by reason of
- (a) the illness of the candidate; or
- (b) inadvertence or an honest mistake of fact.
S.C. 2006, c. 9, s. 40.
Extension or correction – judge
92.4 (1) A candidate may apply to a judge who is competent to conduct a recount for an order authorizing an extension referred to in paragraph 92.3(1)(a) or a correction referred to in paragraph 92.3(1)(b). The applicant shall notify the Chief Electoral Officer of the application.
(2) An application may be made within two weeks after
- (a) the rejection of an application, made in accordance with section 92.3, for the extension or correction; or
- (b) the expiry of the extended period or specified period authorized under paragraph 92.3(1)(a) or (b).
(3) A judge may not grant an order unless he or she is satisfied that the circumstances giving rise to the application arose by reason of a factor referred to in either paragraph 92.3(3)(a) or (b).
Contents of order
(4) An order under subsection (1) may require that the candidate satisfy any condition that the judge considers necessary for carrying out the purposes of this Act.
S.C. 2006, c. 9, s. 40.
Chief Electoral Officer to retain statements
92.5 (1) The Chief Electoral Officer shall retain in his or her possession the statements referred to in subsection 92.2(3) for at least one year after the return of the writ for the election.
Information to be kept confidential
(2) The Chief Electoral Officer shall keep confidential the statements provided under subsection 92.2(3).
(3) Subsection (2) does not prohibit the Commissioner from inspecting the statements referred to in that subsection, and any of those statements may be provided to the Director of Public Prosecutions and produced by that Director for the purpose of a prosecution for an offence under this Act.
S.C. 2006, c. 9, s. 40.
Prohibition – false, misleading or incomplete statement
92.6 No candidate shall provide the Chief Electoral Officer with a statement referred to in subsection 92.2(3) that
- (a) the candidate knows or ought reasonably to know contains a material statement that is false or misleading; or
- (b) does not substantially set out the information required by that subsection.
S.C. 2006, c. 9, s. 40.