open Secondary menu

Public Opinion Survey Following the November 26, 2012 By-Elections

Executive Summary

On November 26, 2012, by-elections were held in three federal constituencies: Calgary Centre (Alberta), Durham (Ontario), and Victoria (British Columbia). Elections Canada commissioned EKOS Research Associates to conduct public opinion research with electors (eligible voters) in these ridings in the days immediately following the by-elections. A telephone survey was conducted in December 2012 with a total of 1,503 eligible voters spread evenly across the three ridings. Riding results can be considered to be accurate to within +/-4.4 per cent, 19 times out of 20.

Awareness of by-elections

Information and advertising

Interaction with Elections Canada

Voter information card and registration




Voter experience


Trust in election process

Use of Technology

Footnote 1 It should be noted that Elections Canada did not produce any television ads for the by-elections.

Footnote 2 Previous post-election surveys by Elections Canada have also found that reported election participation is higher than actual voter turnout. These incongruities are likely due to a combination of sample and social desirability biases.

Footnote 3 For the by-elections being held on November 26, 2012, the voter information card was accepted as one of two authorized pieces of identification at polling stations located in long-term care facilities, in seniors' residences, on Indian reserves and in students' residences located on campus.