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Comparative Assessment of Central Electoral Agencies

Appendix D – Theoretical Advantages and Disadvantages of a Single-Headed Agency Versus a Multi-Member Commission

In the abstract, a single-headed agency might involve the following potential advantages:

The disadvantages might include:

The advantages and disadvantages of a multi-member commission are in most respects the reverse of a single-headed agency. The advantages include:

The potential disadvantages include:

These may be the theoretical possibilities, but what happens in practice will depend greatly on a range of factors, such as the backgrounds of the leaders, how they are appointed, the security of their tenure, the EMB's budgetary and staffing procedures and how it is held accountable by other parts of the political system.