Interest of Canadians in Internet Voting (2004, 2006, 2008 and 2011) – Research Note
By and large, results show that a moderate proportion of electors would be likely to vote over the Internet, and that this proportion is increasing from one general election to the next. Furthermore, there is a significant association of moderate strength between that likelihood and age group and, to a lesser extent, education level and employment status.
That said, there remains a high level of perceived risk associated with Internet voting. Since 2004, only one in every three people has expressed an appreciable degree of confidence in the safety of such a voting method. Overall, we note that, in the entire period under review, university graduates had less of a tendency to consider Internet voting risky. With regard to the principle of Internet voting, we note that about one in two electors agrees with the principle, regardless of the socio-demographic variable taken into account. However, according to our observations on candidates, there is a major opinion gap between candidates who were elected and those who were not; with the latter expressing considerably more agreement with the principle of Internet voting than elected candidates.
Lastly, the statistically significant associations between the interest toward Internet voting and the observed socio-demographic variables enable us to foresee some opportunities for further research, either by the introduction of control variables or by using a more advanced statistical method (i.e.: logistic regression) to verify the relations and interrelations of variables associated with the interest of Canadians towards Internet voting.