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Thirty-seventh General Election 2000: Official Voting Results: Synopsis


REGISTERED POLITICAL PARTIES AND CANDIDATES

Registered political parties

Only candidates representing registered parties may have their party?s name on the ballot.

To register, a political party must endorse a confirmed candidate in at least 50 electoral districts in a general election. It must also have submitted its registration application in proper form at least 60 days before the election was called. A previously registered political party automatically loses its status if it does not endorse a confirmed candidate in at least 50 electoral districts in a general election. Candidates can be nominated up to 2:00 p.m. on the 21st day before election day.

Before the 37th general election was called, ten parties were registered and the Chief Electoral Officer had received registration applications from two more. At 2:00 p.m. on November 8, 2000, when the final candidates were confirmed, 11 parties met the statutory registration requirements. Of the ten parties previously registered, nine had their registration confirmed and one lost its registration. The two parties whose application for registration had been approved were confirmed.

Table A lists the political parties registered for the 37th general election and indicates whether they were registered previously. The table also identifies a party that lost its status as a registered party because it failed to endorse a confirmed candidate in at least 50 electoral districts.

TABLE A
Registration status of political parties ? 37th general election 2000

Parties retaining their status as registered parties (nine parties)
Bloc Québécois
Canadian Action Party
Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance
Liberal Party of Canada
Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada
Natural Law Party of Canada
New Democratic Party
Progressive Conservative Party of Canada
The Green Party of Canada
Parties acquiring registered party status (two parties)
Communist Party of Canada
Marijuana Party
Party that lost its status as a registered party pursuant to section 385 of the Canada Elections Act because it did not nominate a candidate in at least 50 electoral districts or for some other reason (one party)
Christian Heritage Party of Canada
Number of parties registered on November 27, 2000: 11

 

FIGURE B
Number of registered political parties in general elections, from 1972 to 2000

 


A total of 22 parties were registered between 1972 and 2000. Of those, only the Liberal Party of Canada, the New Democratic Party and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada were registered for all the elections held during that period (see Figure B).

Candidates

Under the Canada Elections Act, any person who wishes to contest a seat at a federal election must submit a nomination paper to the returning officer of the electoral district where he or she intends to run. That nomination paper may be filed at any time between the date on which the Notice of Election is published and 2:00 p.m. on closing day for nominations, in this case November 6, 2000. Candidates had until 5:00 p.m. on that day to submit personally a written declaration of withdrawal to the returning officer. There were no withdrawals. Not later than 48 hours after the nomination paper is filed, the returning officer confirms or rejects the nomination, having verified that the nomination paper is complete and that it includes the required number of signatures from electors who are entitled to vote in the electoral district. After this verification, four nominations were rejected.

In the end, there were 1 808 candidates. As Figure C shows, this was the second highest number of candidates to run in a general election since 1972. There were at least three candidates in every electoral district, and 98 electoral districts had seven or more candidates (see Figure D).

 

FIGURE C

Number of electoral districts and number of candidates
in general elections, since 1972

 

 

FIGURE D

Number of electoral districts, by number of candidates ?
37th general election 2000

Total number of electoral districts: 301
Total number of candidates: 1 808

Candidates must, where applicable, indicate their affiliation with a political party on their nomination paper and must attach a letter of endorsement signed by the leader of the party or an authorized representative. Candidates not endorsed by a registered or eligible political party are considered to be "independent," unless they make a written request to the returning officer of their electoral district that no affiliation appear on the ballot.

A candidate endorsed by a party is also considered to have "no affiliation" if the party failed to meet the statutory registration requirements.

Of the 1 808 candidates in the 37th general election, 1 722 or 95.2% ran under the banner of a political party (see Table B). The Liberal Party of Canada was the only one to endorse a confirmed candidate in each of the 301 electoral districts.

The 373 women among the candidates represented 20.6% of the total, compared to 24.4% in the 1997 general election. The New Democratic Party had the highest proportion of women candidates: 23.6%.

TABLE B

Distribution of confirmed candidates, by political affiliation and sex ?
37th general election 2000

Party Sex Nfld. P.E.I. N.S. N.B. Que. Ont. Man. Sask. Alta. B.C.

Y.T.

N.W.T.

Nu.

Grand total
Action F
0
0
0
0
0
7
1
1
2
6
0
0
0
17
M
0
0
0
0
2
32
2
2
3
12
0
0
0
53
Action total:
 
0
0
0
0
2
39
3
3
5
18
0
0
0
70
Alliance F
0
0
2
1
11
7
2
2
3
4
0
0
0
32
M
7
4
9
9
63
96
11
12
23
30
1
1
0
266
Alliance total:  
7
4
11
10
74
103
13
14
26
34
1
1
0
298
B.Q. F
0
0
0
0
18
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
18
M
0
0
0
0
57
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
57
B.Q. total:
 
0
0
0
0
75
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
75
Comm.
F
0
0
0
0
3
4
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
10
M
0
0
1
0
9
14
6
0
2
10
0
0
0
42
Comm. total:
 
0
0
1
0
12
18
7
0
3
11
0
0
0
52
G.P. F
0
0
0
0
4
8
1
0
0
8
0
0
0
21
M
0
1
1
1
13
44
2
4
7
16
0
0
1
90
G.P. total:
 
0
1
1
1
17
52
3
4
7
24
0
0
1
111
Ind. F
1
0
0
0
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
0
0
5
M
0
0
2
0
6
8
2
0
1
5
0
0
0
24
Ind. total:
 
1
0
2
0
6
9
3
0
2
6
0
0
0
29
Lib. F
0
0
1
1
19
24
4
1
6
7
0
1
1
65
M
7
4
10
9
56
79
10
13
20
27
1
0
0
236
Lib. total:
 
7
4
11
10
75
103
14
14
26
34
1
1
1
301
M.-L. F
0
0
0
0
9
15
0
0
2
4
0
0
0
30
M
0
0
3
0
17
25
0
0
1
8
0
0
0
54
M.-L. total:
 
0
0
3
0
26
40
0
0
3
12
0
0
0
84
M.P. F
0
0
1
0
6
1
0
0
0
4
0
0
0
12
M
0
0
2
1
25
21
1
0
3
8
0
0
0
61
M.P. total:
 
0
0
3
1
31
22
1
0
3
12
0
0
0
73
N.D.P. F
2
3
5
3
23
32
3
1
7
7
1
0
1
88
M
5
1
6
7
49
71
11
13
19
27
0
1
0
210
N.D.P. total:
 
7
4
11
10
72
103
14
14
26
34
1
1
1
298
N.L.P. F
0
0
0
0
9
8
0
0
0
8
0
0
0
25
M
2
1
1
3
10
18
0
0
3
6
0
0
0
44
N.L.P. total:
 
2
1
1
3
19
26
0
0
3
14
0
0
0
69
NIL F
0
0
0
0
2
2
1
0
1
5
0
0
0
11
M
1
1
0
0
5
23
4
0
2
9
1
0
0
46
NIL total:
 
1
1
0
0
7
25
5
0
3
14
1
0
0
57
P.C. F
0
0
1
2
13
14
1
1
1
6
0
0
0
39
M
7
4
10
8
58
86
13
10
25
28
1
1
1
252
P.C. total:
 
7
4
11
10
71
100
14
11
26
34
1
1
1
291
Total F
3
3
10
7
117
123
15
6
24
61
1
1
2
373
M
29
16
45
38
370
517
62
54
109
186
4
3
2
1 435
Grand total:
 
32
19
55
45
487
640
77
60
133
247
5
4
4
1 808

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