By-Elections December 9, 2002 Official Voting Results
THE TWO DECEMBER 9, 2002 BY-ELECTIONS
This section of the Chief Electoral Officer's report on the federal by-elections held December 9, 2002, describes the circumstances leading to the call for by-elections, the electoral districts involved, the candidates of the registered political parties, the independent candidates and the candidates with no affiliation, as well as the numbers of registered electors and polling stations, and the results.
The December 9, 2002, by-elections were conducted under the Canada Elections Act that came into force in September 2000; however, a court decision on October 31, 2002, resulted in a change to the voting eligibility of incarcerated electors. The Supreme Court of Canada, in its decision in Sauvé v. Canada (Chief Electoral Officer), held that the former s. 51(e), now s. 4(c), of the Canada Elections Act, which prevents inmates serving sentences of two or more years from voting, is in breach of s. 3 of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and cannot be justified under s. 1 of that document.As a result, all incarcerated electors were entitled to vote in the December 9 by-elections, regardless of the length of the term they were serving.
The following section presents further information and summary data on the official voting results, in the form of tables. The concluding section gives the poll-by-poll results for each by-election.
Information on the administration of the May 13 and December 9, 2002,
The report will be available on the Elections Canada Web site (www.elections.ca).
Following the resignation of two members of Parliament, by-elections for these electoral districts were held December 9, 2002.
On May 7, 2002, Stéphan Tremblay, the Bloc Québécois member for Lac-Saint-JeanSaguenay, resigned his seat in the House of Commons.
On May 21, 2002, Michel Bellehumeur, the Bloc Québécois member for BerthierMontcalm, resigned his seat in the House of Commons.
The writs ordering by-elections in these two electoral districts were issued on November 1, 2002, and polling day was set for Monday, December 9, 2002. Following the two resignations, the seat distribution in the House of Commons was: Liberal Party of Canada 169 seats; Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance 63 seats; Bloc Québécois 35 seats; New Democratic Party 14 seats; Progressive Conservative Party of Canada 14 seats; Independent 3 seats; and vacant 3 seats.The two electoral districts
The boundaries of the two electoral districts in which the December 9, 2002, by-elections were held were the same as those in effect during the 2000 federal general election. They coincide with the boundaries defined in the 1996 Representation Order issued pursuant to the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act.
|Electoral district||Name||Occupation||Place of residence|
Population based on the 2001 Census: 129 230
Population based on the 2001 Census: 69 043
In BerthierMontcalm, five registered parties nominated candidates: Bloc Québécois, the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance, the Liberal Party of Canada, the New Democratic Party, and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada.
In Lac-Saint-JeanSaguenay, five registered parties nominated candidates: Bloc Québécois, the Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance, the Liberal Party of Canada, the New Democratic Party, and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. There was one independent candidate and one candidate with no affiliation.
From the date each returning officer published the Notice of Election, the candidates in the two by-elections had until 2:00 p.m. on November 18, 2002, to file their nomination papers.
Five candidates registered to run for office in BerthierMontcalm, and seven in Lac-Saint-JeanSaguenay. None of the candidates withdrew during the period in which a withdrawal of candidacy was permitted.
The preliminary lists of electors for the two December 9, 2002, by-elections were produced from information in the National Register of Electors. The revision period for both electoral districts extended from November 6 to December 3, 2002.
The names recorded on the final lists of electors (that is, the lists prepared after polling day) numbered as follows for each of the two electoral districts:
These lists included the names of electors who registered on election day. The number of electors who registered on polling day was:
The Canada Elections Act, s. 131, sets 8:30 a.m. to 8:30 p.m.as the hours of voting for by-elections held on the same day and in the same time zone. The ordinary polling stations were accordingly open from 8:30 a.m. to 8:30 p.m., local time, on polling day in BerthierMontcalm and Lac-Saint-JeanSaguenay.
The returning officers set up 277 ordinary polling stations (273 of which were stationary) in BerthierMontcalm, and 147 in Lac-Saint-JeanSaguenay (of which 142 were stationary).
The Act provides for the establishment of mobile polling stations to collect the votes of seniors or persons with disabilities confined to health-care facilities. These polling stations, set up in polling divisions with more than two health-care institutions, travel from institution to institution, and remain open at each place only as long as necessary to enable the electors present to vote. In the two December 9, 2002, by-elections, 9 mobile polling stations collected the ballots of electors: 4 in BerthierMontcalm, and 5 in Lac-Saint-JeanSaguenay.
The returning officer in each electoral district is required to set up advance polling stations to collect the votes of electors who do not wish to go to their ordinary polling stations on polling day. The electoral district of BerthierMontcalm had 12 advance polling stations and Lac-Saint-JeanSaguenay had 10. All advance polling stations were open from noon to 8:00 p.m. (local time), on November 29 and 30 and December 2, 2002.
For the seven electoral districts, the number of electors casting their ballots and the participation rates were:
A total of 46 990 Canadians cast a ballot in the two by-elections. Of these electors, 43 048 (or 91.6%) voted on polling day at their ordinary polling stations.
|Voting method||Electoral district|
|Ordinary polling stations||25 847||91.8||17 201||91.3|
|Advance polling stations||2 169||7.7||1 286||6.8|
|Special Voting Rules Group 1*||26||0.1||32||0.2|
|Special Voting Rules Group 2**||117||0.4||312||1.7|
|Total||28 159||100.0||18 831||100.0|
||Includes Canadian citizens temporarily residing outside Canada,members of the Canadian Forces and incarcerated electors regardless of the length of their sentences.|
|**||Includes Canadian citizens residing in Canada who voted by special ballot in or outside their electoral districts.|
In the December 9, 2002, by-elections, the Bloc Québécois candidate, Roger Gaudet,was elected in BerthierMontcalm, and the Bloc Québécois candidate, Sébastien Gagnon,was elected in Lac-Saint-JeanSaguenay.
Following the by-elections of December 9, 2002, the distribution of seats in the House of Commons was:
|Liberal Party of Canada
|Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance||63|
|New Democratic Party||14|
|Progressive Conservative Party of Canada||14|