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Voting by Mail While Inside or Outside Canada

Register to Vote by Special Ballot (Vote by Mail)

Eligible Canadian electors may apply to vote by special ballot. With a special ballot, you can vote by mail from anywhere in the world.

By-elections will be held on October 19th, 2015 in the electoral districts of:

  • OttawaŚWestŚNepean (Ontario)
  • Sudbury (Ontario)
  • Peterborough (Ontario)

If you are eligible to vote in one of these by-elections and would like to vote by special ballot, you can apply to do so.

These by-elections will likely be superseded by a general election. If the government calls a general election for the fixed election date of October 19, 2015, the current by-elections will not take place. The general election will take place instead.

However, you should be aware that if a general election is called, your vote in the by-election will not be counted and you will have to vote again in the general election. Learn more.

New ─ As a result of a recent court decision on the ”five-year rule” in the Canada Elections Act, we have updated the application form for Canadians residing abroad. Now, any Canadian citizen aged 18 or older who resides abroad may apply to be added to the International Register of Electors and to vote by mail-in special ballot in federal general elections, by-elections and referendums, provided they have at some point resided in Canada.


To apply, start by answering a few questions. We will provide an application form tailored to your situation. Complete the form and submit it to us with copies of your supporting documents.


Get a special ballot application form >


The application form is best viewed with the latest version of Adobe Reader.

For background information, see: