Glossary

Compiled by Linda Belzile, Returning Officer, University of Ottawa

Ballot

The paper on which a voter indicates a choice in an election or referendum

 

Campaign manager

The person in charge of organizing the campaign of a candidate

 

Candidate

A person seeking election

 

Candidate's representative

The person representing the candidate at a polling station and/or at the official vote counting

 

Chief Electoral Officer (CEO)

The non-partisan officer who directs and supervises elections and referendums

 

Deputy returning officer (DRO)

The election officer who is responsible for the conduct of a polling station and who handles the ballots

 

Election day(s)

Also referred to as "polling day(s)"

 

Election officers

Include the Chief Electoral Officer, Assistant Chief Electoral Officer, returning officers, deputy returning officers and poll clerks

 

Elector/electorate

A person/persons entitled to vote in an election or referendum

 

Nomination papers

A form signed by the required number of electors and filed with the returning officer so that the candidate can seek office in the election

 

Official agent

A person authorized to enter into contracts on behalf of the candidate; a person appointed by a political party or candidate to ensure that the party's or the candidate's campaign is conducted in accordance with the law

 

Platform

A statement of positions on issues by a political party or candidate

 

Political party

A group of persons organized to nominate and support candidates at elections

 

Poll clerk

The poll officer responsible for the voters list

 

Qualified to vote

Meeting the requirements to vote as set out in the rules and regulations governing the election

 

Rejected ballot

A ballot improperly marked which is found in the ballot box

 

Returning officer (RO)

A person appointed to organize the election and supervise the polling stations during an election in a given electoral district

 

Spoiled ballot

A ballot improperly marked and exchanged for a new one

 

Statement of the vote

A report which includes the total number of votes obtained by each candidate and the number of rejected and spoiled ballots

 

Valid ballot

A ballot which is properly marked and counted

 

Voter

An elector who votes

 

Voters list

A list of persons eligible to vote; also known as the "list of electors"

 

Writ of election

An official document published by the Chief Electoral Officer, and sent to all returning officers, directing that an election be held and indicating the dates and times for campaigning and voting