Representation in the House of Commons of Canada

APPENDICES

A. REPRESENTATION FORMULA USING THE 2001 CENSUS FIGURES

 

Province or
Territory
Minimum number
of seats in
accordance
with the
Constitution Act, 1867
1
Calculations
Electoral
Quotient
Population
2001
National
Quotient2
Rounded
result
Special
clauses3
Total
Newfoundland
and Labrador4
7 512 930 107 220 5 2 7 73 276
Prince Edward
Island
4 135 294 107 220 1 3 4 33 824
Nova Scotia 11 908 007 107 220 8 3 11 82 546
New Brunswick 10 729 498 107 220 7 3 10 72 950
Quebec 75 7 237 479 107 220 68 7 75 96 500
Ontario 95 11 410 046 107 220 106 0 106 107 642
Manitoba 14 1 119 583 107 220 10 4 14 79 970
Saskatchewan 14 978 933 107 220 9 5 14 69 924
Alberta 21 2 974 807 107 220 28 0 28 106 243
British Columbia 28 3 907 738 107 220 36 0 36 108 548
Nunavut 1 26 745 1
Northwest
Territories
1 37 360 1
Yukon
Territory
1 28 674 1
TOTAL 282 30 007 094       308  

1 Assigns one seat each to Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory (three seats).
2 Uses 279 seats and population of provinces to establish national quotient
(29 914 315 ÷ 279 = 107 220).
3 Add seats to provinces pursuant to "senatorial clause" guarantee in the Constitution and "grandfather clause" (based on 33rd Parliament).
4 On December 6, 2001, the name of the province of Newfoundland was changed to Newfoundland and Labrador.

 

A. REPRESENTATION FORMULA USING THE 1991 CENSUS FIGURES

 

Province or
Territory
Minimum number
of seats in
accordance
with the
Constitution Act, 1867
1
Calculations
Electoral
Quotient
Population
1991
National
Quotient2
Rounded
result
Special
clauses3
Total
Newfoundland and Labrador4 7 568 474 97 532 6 1 7 81 211
Prince Edward
Island
4 129 765 97 532 1 3 4 32 441
Nova Scotia 11 899 942 97 532 9 2 11 81 813
New Brunswick 10 723 900 97 532 7 3 10 72 390
Quebec 75 6 895 963 97 532 71 4 75 91 946
Ontario 95 10 084 885 97 532 103 0 103 97 912
Manitoba 14 1 091 942 97 532 11 3 14 77 996
Saskatchewan 14 988 928 97 532 10 4 14 70 638
Alberta 21 2 545 553 97 532 26 0 26 97 906
British Columbia 28 3 282 061 97 532 34 0 34 96 531
Northwest
Territories
57 649 2
Yukon
Territory
1 27 797 1
TOTAL 282 27 296 859       301  

1 Assigns two seats to the Northwest Territories and one to the Yukon Territory (three seats).
2 Uses 279 seats and population of provinces to establish national quotient (27 211 413 ÷ 279 = 97 532).
3 Add seats to provinces pursuant to “senatorial clause” guarantee in the Constitution and new “grandfather clause” (based on 33rd Parliament).
4 There is no quotient for the Northwest Territories; criteria other than population apply.



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