REPRESENTATION FORMULA: DETAILED CALCULATIONS FOR 2001 CENSUS
|SEATS 33rd PARL.||POPULATION (2001 CENSUS)||DIVIDE BY NATIONAL QUOTIENT: 107,220 (ROUNDED)||ROUNDED RESULT||ADDITIONAL SEATS (SENATE CLAUSE)||ADDITIONAL SEATS (GRANDFATHER CLAUSE)||TOTAL SEATS||PROVINCIAL QUOTIENT (ROUNDED)|
|NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR||6||7||512,930||4.784||5||1||1||7||73,276|
|PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND||4||4||135,294||1.262||1||3||0||4||33,824|
1 — Allocation to the territories
Starting with 282 seats that the House of Commons of Canada had in 1985, one seat each is allocated to Nunavut, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Territory, leaving 279 seats. This number is used to calculate the electoral quotient.
2 — Calculating the electoral district average (national quotient)
The total population of the ten provinces is divided by 279 (the number obtained after allocating seats to the territories) to obtain the electoral quota or quotient, which is used to determine the number of seats for each province.
3 — Distributing the seats to each province
The theoretical number of seats to be allocated to each province in the House of Commons is calculated by dividing the total population of each province by the national quotient obtained in step 2. If the result leaves a remainder higher than 0.50, the number of seats is rounded up to the next whole number.
4 — Adjustments (special clauses)
After the theoretical number of seats per province is obtained, adjustments are made in a process referred to as applying the "senatorial clause" and "grandfather clause".
Since 1915, the "senatorial clause" has guaranteed that no province has fewer members in the House of Commons than it has in the Senate. The Representation Act, 1985, brought into effect a new grandfather clause that guaranteed each province no fewer seats than it had in 1976 or during the 33rd Parliament.