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2015 National Youth Survey

Appendix B: Questionnaire

Elections Canada: National Youth Survey 2015

Final Draft: August 26, 2015

Introduction

Hi, my name is (name) and I am calling from Nielsen on behalf of Elections Canada. We are conducting a study about youth and the election process. The questions should only take about 15 to 20 minutes to complete.

Is now a good time? [IF NOT ARRANGE CALLBACK] Would you prefer I continue in French or English?

Your responses will be kept entirely confidential and anonymous. This survey is registered with the national survey registration system.

1 Yes - ENGLISH -> CONTINUE IN ENGLISH

2 Yes - FRENCH -> CONTINUE IN FRENCH

3 No, Not a good time - CALL LATER -> SPECIFY DATE/TIME

98 - REFUSED -> THANK/DISCONTINUE

[Base all]

A1. We need to speak to someone who was aged between 18 and 34 on October 19 this year. Are you in that age range?

1. Yes [SKIP TO A2]

2. No


If QA1=2 read: A1a. Is there someone in your household who was between the ages of 18 and 34 years on October 19?

  1. Yes (Start from introduction)
  2. No

If QA1a=2 read: A1b. We also need to speak to someone who was aged 35 or older on October 19. Are you in that age range?

  1. Yes [SKIP TO A2]
  2. No

If QA1b=2 read: A1c. Is there someone in your household who was aged 35 or older on October 19?

  1. Yes (start from introduction)
  2. No (Terminate)
  3. Yes, but is not available at the moment (go to disposition screen)

If QA1=1 or if QA1b=1:

A2. In what year were you born? Footnote 1 [Programmer add in min = 1997 and a max 1916]

[PROGRAMMER NOTE: ALLOW 500 RESPONDENTS OVER 35 (add in max = 1980)]

Year: _____________________

98. Refusal Footnote 2


If QA2 = 98 read: Is there someone in your household who was between the ages of 18 and 34 years old on October 19? (If yes, start from introduction. If no, terminate)


Section A: Survey Eligibility

[Base all]

A3. May I confirm that you are a Canadian citizen?

1. Yes (proceed)

2. No. (Terminate)

98. Refusal (Terminate)


If QA3 = 2 or 98 read: IF NO: This survey must be completed by Canadian citizens. Would there be someone in your household who is a Canadian citizen and was 18 years or older on October 19? IF YES ASK TO SPEAK TO THAT PERSON AND START FROM INTRODUCTION. IF NO, READ: Thank you but this survey must be completed by Canadian citizens.


[Base all]

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: ASK ONLY IF NECESSARY] Footnote 3

A4. What is your gender?

1. Male (proceed)

2. Female (proceed)


[Base all]

[PROGRAMMER NOTE: Pre-code list. Show the province only. Use regions for quotas only]

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: DO NOT READ]

A5. Which Province or Territory do you live in?

1. Newfoundland (DO NOT SHOW: Atlantic)

2. New Brunswick (DO NOT SHOW: Atlantic)

3. Nova Scotia (DO NOT SHOW: Atlantic)

4. Prince Edward Island (DO NOT SHOW: Atlantic)

5. Quebec

6. Ontario

7. Manitoba (DO NOT SHOW: Prairies)

8. Saskatchewan (DO NOT SHOW: Prairies)

9. Alberta (DO NOT SHOW: Prairies)

10. British Columbia

11. Nunavut (DO NOT SHOW: Northern)

12. Northwest Territories (DO NOT SHOW: Northern)

13. Yukon (DO NOT SHOW: Northern)

98. Refusal (Terminate)


[Base all]

A6. Are you currently living in a rural or small town community, with a population less than 10,000? Footnote 4

1. Yes (proceed)

2. No (proceed)

98. Refusal (proceed)


[Base all]

A7. Do you identify yourself as an Aboriginal person? Footnote 5

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: If asked, that is, are you of First Nations, Inuit or Métis descent]

Yes (proceed)

No (proceed)

98. Refusal (proceed)


[If QA7 = 1] A8. Are you First Nation, Métis, or Inuit?

1. First Nation (proceed)

2. Métis (proceed)

3. Inuit (proceed)

4. Other (proceed)

98. Refusal (proceed)


[If QA8 = 1] A9. Do you currently live on a reserve?

1. Yes (proceed)

2. No (proceed)

98. Refusal (proceed)


[If QA7=2 or 98] A10. Do you identify yourself as a visible minority? Footnote 6

1. Yes (proceed)

2. No (proceed)

98. Refusal (proceed)


[Base all]

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: DO NOT READ]

A11. Are you a person with a disability? Footnote 7

1. Yes "Disabled" (proceed)

2. No (proceed)

99. Prefer not to say (proceed)


[INTERVIEWER NOTE: DO NOT READ]

[If QA11=1] A12. Please specify the nature of your disability.

[PROGRAMMER NOTE: MULTIPLE RESPONSE]

1. Blind or visual impairment

2. Coordination or dexterity

3. Deaf or hard of hearing

4. Mobility

5. Speech impairment

6. Developmental or intellectual

7. Emotional/psychological/mental health

8. Pain that is always present

9. Other [SPECIFY]

99. Prefer not to say (proceed)


[Base all]

A13. Over the past six months, which of the following best describes you? Footnote 8 [ONE RESPONSE ONLY]

1. Employed or self-employed

2. In school or training

3. Employed or self-employed and in school or training

4. Full-time stay-at-home parent

5. Unemployed

6. Other (e.g., maternity leave, not working due to health reasons)

88. Don't know (proceed)

98. Refusal (proceed)


Section B: Electoral Participation

[Base all]

B1. In each election, many people don't or can't vote for a variety of reasons. Thinking about all elections since you have been eligible to vote, would you say that you have voted in none of them, some of them, most of them, or all of them? [Note to interviewer: If asked this applies to federal, provincial and municipal elections, including elections in the respondent's country of origin]

1. None of them

2. Some of them

3. Most of them

4. All of them

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


[Base all]

B2. And did you vote in the last federal election held on October 19th, 2015?

1. Yes

2. No

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


[Base all]

B3. Over the last 12 months, did you use Elections Canada's online voter registration service to check, update or complete your voter registration?

1. Yes

2. No

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


[Base all]

B4. Did you get a Voter Information Card in the mail from Elections Canada for this federal election?

1. Yes

2. No

88. Don't know/don't remember

98. Refusal


[Base all]

B5. In addition to voting in-person at the polling station on Election Day, in what other ways is it possible to vote in a federal election?

[PROGRAMMER NOTE: Pre-code list]

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: DO NOT READ] [Tick all options that are recalled]

By mail

At the advance polling station

At the local Elections Canada office (EC Returning Officer)

88. Don't know/don't remember

98. Refusal


B6. [IF B2=1] And which way did you use to vote in the recent Canadian federal election that took place on October 19th?

1. At the polling station on Election Day

2. By mail

3. At the advance polling station

4. At the local Elections Canada office

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


[Base all]

B7. Please indicate whether you think the following statements are true or false for a federal election:

Randomize
1. True 2. False 88. Don't know 98. Refusal 99. Not applicable
To vote, you must prove your identity
To vote, you must prove your address
You can vote online

[Base all]

B8. Overall, how interested were you in this last federal election? Were you: "Not at all interested", "Not very interested," "Somewhat interested," or "Very interested?"

Not at all Interested Not very interested Somewhat interested Very Interested Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

[Base all]

B9. To what extent would you say you are interested in Canadian politics? Are you: "Not at all interested", "Not very interested", "Somewhat interested" or "Very interested".

Not at all interested Not very interested Somewhat interested Very interested Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

Barrier questions

For voters & non-voters


[Base all]

B10

In each of the following statements, please indicate if it was "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy" to find the information you needed. [INTERVIEWER NOTE: REPEAT THE SCALE AS NEEDED. IF THE RESPONDENT HESITATES, REPEAT THE SCALE. DO NOT READ CODES 5, 88 AND 98]

B10_A. Thinking about this last election, how difficult or easy was it to find information on how to register to vote?

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat easy Very easy I didn't look for information Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 5 88 98

B10_B. [SKIP IF B6=2] How difficult or easy was it to find out where to vote? [IF NEEDED: Was it "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat easy Very easy I didn't look for information Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 5 88 98

[Base all]

B10_C. How difficult or easy was it to find out when to vote? [IF NEEDED: Was it "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat easy Very easy I didn't look for information Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 5 88 98

[Base all]

B10_D. How difficult or easy was it to find out about the different ways to vote? [IF NEEDED: Was it "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat easy Very easy I didn't look for information Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 5 88 98

[Base all]

B10_E. How difficult or easy was it to find out enough about the candidates and political parties to know who to vote for in your riding? [IF NEEDED: Was it "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat easy Very easy I didn't look for information Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 5 88 98

For voters


B11 [IF B2=1]


B11_A. [IF B2=1 AND B6 NOT = 2] How difficult or easy was it to get to your voting location? [IF NEEDED: Was it "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat easy Very easy Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

B11_B. [IF B2=1] How difficult or easy was it to prove your identity and address? [IF NEEDED: Was it "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat easy Very easy Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

B11_C. [IF B2=1 AND B11_B=1 or 2]. Was it your identity or address that was difficult to prove?

1. My address

2. My ID

3. Both

88. Don't know

98. Refusal


B11_D. [If A11=1 AND B6 NOT = 2]. How difficult or easy was it to access the polling station? [IF NEEDED: Was it "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat east Very easy Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

B11_E. [IF B6=2] How difficult or easy was it to complete and return your mail-in ballot? [IF NEEDED: Was it "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat easy Very easy Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

For non-voters


B12 [IF B2=2, 88 or 98]


B12_A. [IF B2=2] If you had voted, how difficult or easy would it have been to get to your voting location? Would it have been "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat east Very easy Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

B12_B. [IF B2=2] How difficult or easy would it have been to prove your identity and address? [IF NEEDED: Would it have been "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy." ]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat east Very easy Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

B12_C. [IF B2=2 AND B12_B = 1 or 2]. Would it have been your identity or address that was difficult to prove?

1. My address

2. My ID

3. Both

88. Don't know

98. Refusal


B12_D. [IF B2=2 AND A11=1]. How difficult or easy would it have been to access the polling station? [IF NEEDED: Would it have been "Very difficult", "Somewhat difficult," "Somewhat easy" or "Very easy."]

Very difficult Somewhat difficult Somewhat east Very easy Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

[Base all]

B13. In this last election, were you directly contacted by a political party or candidate?

1. Yes

2. No

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


B14. [If B13=1]. How were you contacted? [READ LIST CHECK ALL THAT APPLY]

1. Yes 2. No 88. Don't know 98. Refusal 99. Not applicable
At home through door-to-door canvassing
On the street or in a public space
By phone through a live person
By phone through an automated call
By e-mail
Through social media (e.g., Facebook, Twitter)

[Base all]

B15. In this last election, did any of the following people or groups encourage you to vote? [Programmer Randomize A l]

1. Yes 2. No 88. Don't know 98. Refusal 99. Not applicable
a. Your family, not including partner or spouse. For example, parents or siblings
b. Your friends or peers
c. Your spouse or partner
d. A teacher or professor
e. The news media
f. Politicians, a party or a candidate
h. A community, environmental, or social organization
i. [If A7=1]
An Aboriginal organization
j. [If a A13=2 OR 3]
A student organization
k. [If A10=1]
An organization representing a cultural or ethnic group
l. [If A11=1]
An organization representing people with disabilities
m. Other
Section C: Political Participation

[Base all]

C1. Now I'd like to ask you some questions about your level of involvement in current issues. In the past 12 months, have you done any of the following?

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: THIS SECTION REFERS TO GENERAL BEHAVIOUR NOT NECESSARILY CONNECTED TO THE ELECTION]

RANDOMIZE
1. Yes 2. No 88. Don't know 98. Refusal 99. Not applicable
a. Wrote a letter or e-mail to a newspaper
b. Left a comment on a blog, discussion group, or an online article
c. Attended a community meeting about a local issue
d. Contacted a politician to express your views on an issue
e. Participated in a demonstration or protest march
f. Signed a petition
g. Raised or donated money for a cause
h. Bought or boycotted products for political, environmental or ethical reasons
i. Wore a T-shirt, bracelet, or badge for a cause
j. Searched for information online about politics or public issues
k. Used social media to share political information or content
l. Watched a leaders' debate during the election
m. Displayed a sign for a party or a candidate during the election
n. Participated in an event organized by a party or a candidate during the election
o. Attended an information session on how to register and vote in the election
Section D: Civic Participation

[Base all]

D1. In the past 12 months, did you do volunteer work for any organization?

1. Yes

2. No

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


[If QD1 = 1] D2. Was the volunteer work for a political party or a candidate?

1. Yes

2. No

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal

Section E: Media Consumption

[Base all]

[Programmer note: Pre-code list]

E1. For the federal election held on October 19th what was your main source of information about the election?

[Interviewer note: DO NOT READ. If respondent says media, probe which kind. If respondent says internet, probe which type of site (i.e., options under 1, 5, 6 and 8)]

1. Elections Canada (advertising, social media, etc.)

2. Voter Information Card

3. Newspaper/magazine

4. Television

5. Media website, blog or other web source

6. Social networking sites (Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, etc.)

7. Government

8. A political party website

9. Radio

10. Family or friends

11. Mail (general)

12. Pamphlets from candidates received in the mail

77. Other

88. Don't know/don't remember

98. Refusal

Section F: General Attitudes Towards Politics, Democracy and Citizenship

[Base all]

F1. On the whole, how satisfied are you with the way democracy works in Canada? Are you: "Very dissatisfied", "Somewhat dissatisfied," "Somewhat satisfied" or "Very satisfied".

Very dissatisfied Somewhat dissatisfied Somewhat satisfied Very satisfied Don't know Refusal
1 2 3 4 88 98

[Base all]

F2. Please tell me whether you "Strongly disagree," "Somewhat disagree," "Somewhat agree" or "Strongly agree" with the following statements.

RANDOMIZE
1 Strongly disagree 2. Somewhat disagree 3. Somewhat agree 4. Strongly agree 88. Don't know 98. Refusal
a. Sometimes politics and government seem so complicated that someone like me can't really understand what's going on
b. All federal political parties are the same; there is not really a choice
c. I do not think government cares much about what people like me think
d. I feel that by voting I can make a difference
e. Voting in a federal election is easy and convenient
f. There is at least one political party that talks about issues that are important to me

[Base all]

[PROGRAMMER NOTE: Rotate order of F3 and F4]

F3. How do you feel about politicians in general? Use a scale from zero to one hundred.

Zero means you really dislike them and one hundred means you really like them. You can pick any number between zero and 100.

[USE A NUMERIC BOX AND FORCE SCALE WITHIN NUMBER BOX]


F4. How do you feel about political parties? Use a scale from zero to one hundred.

Zero means you really dislike them and one hundred means you really like them. You can pick any number between zero and 100.

[USE A NUMERIC BOX AND FORCE SCALE WITHIN NUMBER BOX]


[Base all]

F5. [PROGRAMMER NOTE: SPLIT SAMPLE of A and B].

A. People have different views about voting. For some, voting is a CHOICE. They feel free to vote or not to vote in an election depending on how they feel about the candidates and parties. For others, voting is a DUTY. They feel that they should vote in every election however they feel about the candidates and parties. For you personally, is voting FIRST AND FOREMOST a Choice or a Duty?

1. A Duty

2. A Choice

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


B. People have different views about voting. For some, voting is a DUTY. They feel that they should vote in every election however they feel about the candidates and parties. For others, voting is a CHOICE. They feel free to vote or not to vote in an election depending on how they feel about the candidates and parties. For you personally, is voting FIRST AND FOREMOST a Duty or a Choice?

1. A Choice

2. A Duty

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


Section G: Political Socialization

[Base all]

G1. When you were growing up, how often did you talk about politics or government at home?

1. Never

2. Sometimes

3. Often

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal

99. Not applicable


[Base all]

G2. And now how often do you discuss politics or government with the following people or groups?

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: READ LIST]

1. Never 2. Sometimes 3. Often 88. Don't know 98. Refusal 99. Not applicable
Your Spouse or Partner
Your Friends
Your Family
[IF A13=1 or 3]
Your Colleagues
[IF A13=2 or 3]
Your Classmates

[Base all]

G3. Do you know if your spouse/partner voted in the federal election of October 19?

1. Yes, they voted

2. No, they didn't vote

88. Don't know

98. Refusal

99. Not applicable


[Base all]

G4. And of each of the following groups, how many would you say voted?

1. Most 2. Many 3. Some 4. None 98. Refusal 99. Not applicable
Your close friends
Your family
[IF A13=1 or 3]
Your colleagues
[IF A13=2 or 3]
Your classmates
Section H: Civic Education

[Base all]

H1. When you were in high school did you take any courses where you learned about government and politics?

1. Yes

2. No

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


[Base all]

H2. Did you participate in a mock election program in primary school or high school, for example Student Vote?

[NOTE TO INTERVIEWERS: If asked about Student Vote, explain that this is a program that runs during a federal, provincial or municipal election that lets students vote for the actual candidates in a mock election at their schools. If asked, note that this does not include Student council elections.]

1. Yes

2. No

88. Don't know/ don't remember

98. Refusal


Section I: Political Knowledge

To find out which parts of government are most familiar to Canadians, we have a few questions about how government and elections work. If you don't have the answer, please just say so and we'll move on to the next one.


[Base all]

I1. Which party won the most seats in the federal election held on October 19th?

[text box]

88. Don't know

98. Refusal


[Base all]

I2. Which level of government has primary responsibility for education federal, provincial, or municipal?

1. Federal

2. Provincial

3. Municipal

88. Don't know

98. Refusal


[Base all]

I3. Which level of government has primary responsibility for employment insurance federal, provincial, or municipal?

1. Federal

2. Provincial

3. Municipal

88. Don't know

98. Refusal


[Base all]

I4. What is the name of the premier of your [If A5=1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, or 10, program "Province". If A5=11, 12 or 13, program "Territory"]?

Text box

88. Don't know

98. Refusal

[PROGRAMMER NOTE: PROGRAM PRE-CODED LIST]

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: DO NOT READ LIST. If the response is close but not exact, record as 'Other']

Pre-coded List

British Columbia Christy Clark

Manitoba Greg Selinger

Newfoundland Paul Davis

New Brunswick Brian Gallant

Nova Scotia Stephen McNeil

Ontario Kathleen Wynne

PEI Wade MacLauchlan

Quebec Philippe Couillard

Saskatchewan Brad Wall

Nunavut Peter Taptuna

Northwest Territories Robert (Bob) McLeod

Yukon Darrell Pasloski


[Base all]

I5. Now we have a question about a public figure, David Cameron. What job or political office does he now hold?

[text box]

88. Don't know

98. Refusal

Section J: Socio-Demographics

Finally, I would like to ask you a few questions for statistical purposes only.


[Base all]

J1. What is the first language that you learned and that you still understand?

[Pre-code list]

[Interviewer note: DO NOT READ]

1. English

2. French

3. Other

98. Refusal


[Base all]

J2. Were you born in Canada?

1. Yes

2. No

98. Refusal


[Base all]

J3. What is the highest level of education that you have completed?

[PROGRAMMER NOTE: Pre-code list]

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: DO NOT READ UNLESS ASKED]

1. Less than Grade 12

2. High school

3. Some college or trades school

4. College or trades school

5. Some university

6. Completed university degree (BA, MA, doctorate)

98. Refusal


[Base all]

J4. What is your marital status?

[INTERVIEWER NOTE: DO NOT READ]

1. Single, never married

2. Married

3. Living common law

4. Separated

5. Divorced

6. Widowed

98. Refusal


J5a. [IF QJ4=2 or 3] Do you rent or own your home?

1. Rent

2. Own

98. Refusal


J5b. [IF QJ4=1, 4, 5, 6 or 98] Which of the following best describes your current living arrangement?

1. I live at home with my parents

2. Renting alone

3. Living in my own house (if asked, includes condominium or townhouse)

4. Renting with roommates

5. I live on campus in a college or university residence

6. Other (please specify:  )

98. Refusal


[Ask if QJ5b = 2,3,4,5,6, or 98] J6. Which of the following best describes your personal income for 2014 before taxes? [PROGRAM FOR CATI ONLY: Please let me know when I've reached your level.]

1. Under $20,000

2. $20,000 to just under $40,000

3. $40,000 to just under $60,000

4. $60,000 to just under $80,000

5. $80,000 to just under $100,000

6. $100,000 and over

88. Don't know/don't remember

98. Refusal


[Ask if QJ4 = 2,3 OR if QJ5b=1] J7. Which of the following best describes your total household income for 2014 before taxes? [PROGRAM FOR CATI ONLY: Please let me know when I've reached your level.]

1. Under $20,000

2. $20,000 to just under $40,000

3. $40,000 to just under $60,000

4. $60,000 to just under $80,000

5. $80,000 to just under $100,000

6. $100,000 and over

88. Don't know/don't remember

98. Refusal


[Base all]

J8. How many times have you moved in the last 12 months? A move is considered moving to any new dwelling, including a move for college/university.

1. Number of moves:   [Programmer min 1 max 10]

2. Did not move

88. Don't know/don't remember

98. Refusal


[IF J8=1] J9. Thinking about the last time you moved in the past 12 months, where did you move? Was it:

1. Within the same town or city

2. To another town of the same province

3. To another province

4. To another country

98. Refusal


[Base all]

J10. Do you have children, either of your own or stepchildren?

1. Yes

2. No

98. Refusal


[Base all]

J11. In the past twelve months, have you contacted or visited a government office? For example, a Service Canada office or a provincial government office?

1. Yes

2. No

98. Refusal


J12. [IF J11=1]. On a scale from 0 to 10, how would you rate your experience with the government office? Where 0 means you had a very negative experience and 10 means you had a very positive experience.

Thank you for taking part in the survey.



Footnote 1 This question will need to be monitored (quota).

Footnote 2 Assign the number 88 for Do not know/Do not remember responses. Assign the number 98 to Refusal and 99 to Not applicable responses.

Footnote 3 This question will need to be monitored (quota).

Footnote 4 This question will need to be monitored (quota).

Footnote 5 This question will need to be monitored (quota).

Footnote 6 This question will need to be monitored (quota).

Footnote 7 This question will need to be monitored (quota).

Footnote 8 This question will need to be monitored (quota).