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Background and ObjectivesReport on the Survey of Special Ballot Voters for the 43rd General Election

Electors who vote by special ballot have a unique experience, facing a different voting process from those who vote at an ordinary or advance poll.

The Survey of Special Ballot Voters aimed to help evaluate the experiences of Canadian electors who voted by special ballot during the 2019 general election. They include electors who voted by mail (living in or outside Canada), on campus at a post-secondary institution, at an Elections Canada office, at an acute care hospital, by home visit or at a designated polling station for Canadian Forces electors. Incarcerated electors, who can also vote by special ballot, were not reached by this survey. This is the first time that this survey has been conducted.

The results of this survey will be used to inform future Elections Canada programs and services, as they relate to special ballot voting methods, and for evaluation purposes.

The survey included questions around the following themes:

  • Sources of information about voting by special ballot
  • Reasons for voting by special ballot
  • Experience using this voting method (including the time it took to vote, ease of voting, and satisfaction with voting)
  • Socio-demographics and characteristics of the target populations