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Why is Turnout Higher in Some Countries than in Others?


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Brians, Craig Leonard and Bernard Grofman. 2001. "Election Day Registration's Effect on U.S. Voter Turnout." Social Science Quarterly 82: 170–183.

Franklin, Mark N. 1996. "Electoral Participation." In Comparing Democracies: Elections and Voting in Global Perspective. Lawrence LeDuc, Richard G. Niemi and Pippa Norris (eds.) Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Jackman, Robert. 1987. "Political Institutions and Voter Turnout in the Industrial Democracies." American Political Science Review 81: 405–423.

Knack, Steven. 1995. "Does 'Voter Motor' Work? Evidence from State Level." Journal of Politics 57: 796–811.

Lipset, Seymour M. 1981. Political Man: The Social Bases of Politics. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.

Massicotte, Louis, André Blais and Antoine Yoshinaka. Forthcoming. Establishing the Rules of the Game: Election Laws in Democracies. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

McDonald, Michael P. and Samuel L. Popkin. 2001. "The Myth of the Vanishing Voter." American Political Science Review 95: 963–974.

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Powell, G. Bingham. 1986. "American Voter Turnout in Comparative Perspective." American Political Science Review 80: 17–45.

Verba, Sidney and Norman H. Nie. 1972. Participation in America: Political Democracy and Social Equality. New York: Harper and Row.

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Wolfinger, Raymond E. and Steven J. Rosenstone. 1980. Who Votes? New Haven: Yale University Press.