Quick election facts
On the radar
To register and vote in a federal election, you must:
- be a Canadian citizen
- be at least 18 years old on election day
Note that a voter information card is not a ticket to vote.
Being on the National Register of Electors in error is not an offence under the Canada Elections Act. However, it is an offense for anyone to vote, or to apply to register to vote, knowing they are not qualified to do so. Cases of those breaking the law will be referred to the Office of the Commissioner of Canada Elections.
At election time, Canadians want quick and easy access to the information they need to vote and make sense of issues that are often misunderstood. Leading up to the election, we will be updating this page with the topics and information that Canadians are looking for to be able to register and vote in the federal election.
The facts on voting
Here are a few helpful reminders as you get ready to cast your ballot.
- Vote, if you are a Canadian citizen and at least 18 years old on election day.
- Bring ID with you to prove your identity and address.
- Be patient and respectful. The voting process may take time.
- Ask Elections Canada workers on site or visit elections.ca to answer any of your questions.
- Film or take pictures inside the voting place or of a marked ballot.
- Show, film or take a picture of a marked ballot.
- Vote again, if you have already voted in this federal election. You can only vote once.
Electors must vote at their assigned polling station on election day and during advance polling days.
Electors can vote for a candidate in their riding at any Elections Canada office in Canada or by mail, using the special ballot process. However, on election day and at advance polls, electors can only vote at their assigned polling station. This is different from the process in some provincial elections in which voters may cast their ballots at any polling station. Learn more about the ways to vote.
You can vote if you live overseas regardless of how long you have been away.
Eligible electors can apply to vote by special ballot regardless of how long they have been living outside Canada. To vote, electors living abroad must be registered on the International Register of Electors. As of October 13, there were 51,978 electors on the International Register of Electors. Learn more about how Canadians abroad can vote.
Bring your voter information card to make the voting process easier.
If you register before October 15, 6 p.m., you will get a voter information card in the mail. It tells you where and when you can vote. Bring your voter information card with you, along with accepted ID, to make the voting process easier!
The National Register of Electors is updated continually to reflect the Canadian population.
Elections Canada works continually to register more than 27 million electors in the National Register of Electors. With a voter registration picture that constantly changes along with the Canadian population, your voter information card may contain errors.
If this is the case, contact your local Elections Canada office before October 15 to make the required updates.
You can also update your information just before you vote.
On the campaign trail
There are several rules on signs and other partisan material. Read detailed answers to several common questions.
Political parties, candidates, and third parties may call and text you
Phone calls and texts to electors are legal and a normal part of campaigning. This includes live calls and "robocalls" (made using an Automatic Dialing-Announcing Device or ADAD). More information can be found on our FAQ page.
Visit this page often for up-to-date information. You can also connect with us though our social media channels and on our website.