Federal Election
Monday, October 21

FAQs – Vote by mail

I’m a Canadian living in Canada. Can I vote by mail?

If your home is in Canada, you can to apply to vote by mail.

After an election is called:

  • Complete an Application for Registration and Special Ballot. The form is also available at any local Elections Canada office, at any Canadian embassy, high commission or consulate or by calling Elections Canada.
  • Send us your completed form and proof of identity and home address. You can submit them by fax, by mail, or in person at any local Elections Canada office by Tuesday, October 15, 6 p.m..
  • Once your application is accepted, we will send you a special ballot voting kit by regular mail so the sooner you apply, the better. (If you apply in person, staff will hand you the kit.) The kit explains how to mark your special ballot and mail it in.

Voting by mail means voting by special ballot. Read important information on voting by special ballot.

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I’m a Canadian living abroad. Can I vote by mail?

If you're a Canadian elector, your home is outside Canada, you can apply anytime to vote by mail in.

You can also get an application form at any Canadian embassy, high commission or consulate or by calling Elections Canada. Ask for an Application for Registration and Special Ballot for Canadian Citizens Residing Outside Canada. The form explains how to submit your application and proof of identity to Elections Canada in Ottawa.

If we accept your application, we will add your name to the International Register of Electors. This is a list of Canadians temporarily living outside Canada who can vote in federal elections.

When an election is called, we mail a special ballot voting kit to everyone in the International Register of Electors. The kit explains how to mark your special ballot and mail it in.

Voting by mail means voting by special ballot. Read important information on voting by special ballot and specific voting rules for Canadians living abroad.

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How do I vote by special ballot?

Voting by mail or at a local Elections Canada office means voting by special ballot.

Anyone may vote by special ballot, but you must apply for this ballot in advance.

Your application must be received at Elections Canada by the special ballot registration deadline: 6 p.m. on the Tuesday, October 15.

Once your application is accepted, we will give you a special ballot voting kit. This kit includes:

  • a special ballot
  • two envelopes (they keep your vote secret)
  • instructions on how to mark and mail in your special ballot

If you apply to vote using the special ballot process at an Elections Canada office, you can complete your ballot and leave it there.

If you receive your special ballot voting kit by mail, or if you choose to take your special ballot voting kit with you when you apply at an Elections Canada office. Your completed special ballot must arrive at Elections Canada by 6:00 p.m., Eastern time on election day, or it will not be counted.

Once your application to vote by special ballot has been accepted, this is the only way you can vote. You cannot vote at the advance or election day polls or apply for another special ballot.

You can only vote once in an election, and you can only vote for a candidate running in your riding.

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Where do I return my completed ballot? What is the deadline?

Return your completed ballot to the address on the pre-addressed return envelope in your special ballot voting kit.

If the return address is in Ottawa, we need to receive your ballot by 6:00 p.m., Eastern time, on election day (Monday, October 21, 2019).

If the return address is the local Elections Canada office in your riding, we need to receive your ballot by the time the polls close in your riding on election day – Monday, October 21, 2019.

You are responsible for returning your marked ballot by the deadline or it will not be counted. If you’re running out of time, consider sending your ballot by courier or delivering it in-person to any Elections Canada office.

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